We have seen in AutoCAD tutorial 03 how to use **polar tracking** to draw lines with specific angles, but we did not go too much into details.

Now, we shall learn a little about trigonometry before moving forward.

The concept of polar coordinates in AutoCAD obeys the principle of the trigonometric circle, thus creating the need to revise that part of math for a minute.

### Trigonometric circle

The trigonometric circle goes from 0 degrees to 360 degrees. One lap of the circle is 360 and 360 degrees on is equivalent to zero degrees on the circle.

Here is what the circle looks like

The mastery of the concept of angles is crucial to your ability do get things done in AutoCAD. You have to be capable of quickly deducing what the value of an angle is from zero.

On the images above you will notice the trigonometric circle with angles counted respectively from the positive side (*anticlockwise*) and from the negative side (*clockwise*)

Notice** -90 degrees = 270 degrees, 22.5 degrees = -337.5 degrees… **and all other similarities

One of the most important information to have in mind is that AutoCAD always starts counting angle from zero. You will see why remembering this is important when you read further below.

## Angles and lines in AutoCAD

To draw a line in AutoCAD you can use the command line **length<Angle.**

#### Example 1

To draw the line of 150 units, you will have to

- Activate the
**LINE**command - Click in the
**drawing Area**to specify the start point - Type
**150<30**and Hit**ENTER** - Press
**ESC**

where 150 is the length of the line and 30 is the angle the line makes with zero.

If I had written **150<-330** at step 2, it will give the same result.

#### Example 2

What if the figure were disposed of like this? How would you draw that 150 units line?

To draw the line of 150 units, you will have to

- Activate the
**LINE**command - Click in the
**drawing Area**to specify the start point - Type
**150<150**and Hit**ENTER** - Press
**ESC**

where the first 150 is the length and the second 150 is the angle. Why 150 for Angle? Because AutoCAD count angle from the zero angle, So to find the angle from zero, we needed to do 180-30=150.

#### Example 3

How about the following case

To draw the line of 150 units, you will have to

- Activate the
**LINE**command - Click in the
**drawing Area**to specify the start point - Type
**150<210**and Hit**ENTER** - Press
**ESC**

To find **220** we made **180+30**.

Remember the flat angle is** 180** degrees and we AutoCAD counts from zero.

#### Example 4

And this case

To draw the line of 150 units, you will have to

- Activate the
**LINE**command - Click in the
**drawing Area**to specify the start point - Type
**150<-30**and Hit**ENTER** - Press
**ESC**

#### Final words

You should now be able to know what information to give AutoCAD if you happen to deal with projects where angles do not have the zero angle as a reference.