First hand on the Arduino Uno Board

The Arduino Uno board is one of the many Arduino boards and is the most used of them.

The elements you will need to start having fun with the Arduino board comprises:

  1. The Arduino board itself
  2. The Arduino IDE (software)
  3. Some Arduino compatible shields

The Arduino IDE (Integrated Development Environment)

The IDE helps write, compile and upload the code to the board. You can download the IDE for free on arduino.cc

Arduino IDE

Arduino IDE

The following highlighted icons from left to right allow to respectively compile and upload the code.

arduino-uno

The IDE comes with some example projects ready to upload on the board. To access those sketches, simply click on the drop down menu FILE and then on Example

To load a project to the board, you will need to connect the board to your computer via USB.

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Arduino Uno Board

Arduino Uno board

Arduino Uno board

The Arduino board is a programmable hardware with input and output pins. it features an 8-bits microcontroller: the ATmega328P.

Technical specifications

MicrocontrollerATmega328P
Operating Voltage5V
Input Voltage (recommended)7-12V
Input Voltage (limit)6-20V
Digital I/O Pins14 (of which 6 provide PWM output)
PWM Digital I/O Pins6
Analog Input Pins6
DC Current per I/O Pin20 mA
DC Current for 3.3V Pin50 mA
Flash Memory32 KB (ATmega328P) of which 0.5 KB used by bootloader
SRAM2 KB (ATmega328P)
EEPROM1 KB (ATmega328P)
Clock Speed16 MHz
Length68.6 mm
Width53.4 mm
Weight25 g

Input/output pins

arduino - Copy

Analog pins allow analog inputs but they do not allow analog outputs.

Arduino Shield

Most time called daughter boards, they will be needed to help the Arduino board push the boundaries a little further. Let’s say you are working on a project in which you would like to control different DC motors with a single pin, you will then need a Motor Drive Shield.

Here is how it looks like.

arduino-shield

These daughter boards will sit nicely on top of the Arduino Uno board.

Here is an Arduino board with two shields stack on top of it

arduino-shield

That’s pretty much it. Playing with Arduino will require you know both how to write some codes (C/C++) and how to wire the board with additional components to help the whole behave in a specific way.

One of the simplest Arduino project is to have the Arduino board power an LED via a resistor and make the LED blink ON and OFF with a specified frequency.

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