Sorting Matrices in Matlab are one of the easiest thing to do when you happen to know the language to use to order the software to do so.
In this example we will deal with vectors, and we will write simple programs sorting a vector in the ascending and descending order all for the objective to make you understand the basics about sorting in Matlab.
Sort a Matrix in Matlab
There exist an in-build Matlab function that does sort Matrices for you, all you have to do is call it when needed.
Let’s consider the following vector
Sorting A in ascending order will result to
and sorting A in a descending order will result to
Let’s see how that works in Matlab
A=[7 14 4 3 12 5 0 1]; B=sort(A) % You can also use B=sort(A,'ascend') C=sort(A,'descend')
As simple as that.
let’s work more with a couple of examples, may be those help practice you Matlab skills
Let’s write a small program that sorts any matrix of 5 elements. We want to give the possibility to anyone to enter 5 elements, we will then put those elements in a matrix, sort them and display the result.
Step 1: Ask element after element 5 times, and each time, put the element in the matrix A, from position 1 to position 5
Step 2: sort the Matrix
Step 3: display the sorted matrix
for i=1:5 A(i)=input('Enter a number '); end B=sort(A); B
In the previous example, we predefined the number of elements of the vector, not giving an option to users to use a vector with either more or less number of elements than 5. Now we want to sort any vector. What we do is, ask the user to provide the length of his vector first, so to be able to manipulate the for loop.
length=input('What is the length of your vector '); for i=1:length A(i)=input('Enter a number '); end B=sort(A); B
As basic as this can be, we hope it has given you a glimpse on how you can play with for loops in Matlab, and more importantly how you can sort matrices.